Safety Tip: June
Heat exhaustion is the body’s response to an excessive loss of water and salt, usually through sweating. People most prone to heat exhaustion are those working or exercising in a hot environment, those who have high blood pressure, and the elderly.
Symptoms for Heat Exhaustion:
- Heavy sweating
- Rapid heart rate
- Extreme weakness or fatigue
- Dizziness, confusion; person may faint
- Nausea, vomiting
- Clammy, moist skin; there may be ‘goose’ bumps when in the heat
- Pale OR flushed face (complexion)
- Muscle cramps
- Slightly elevated body temperature; could have tingling sensation in legs/arms
- Fast and shallow breathing
Heat Illness Can Be Prevented!
- Monitor yourself & others for signs of heat illness. Encourage each other!
- Keep plenty of cool water & electrolyte replacement on hand.
- Urine should be pale.
- Adequate breaks / rest periods.
First Aid for Heat Exhaustion:
- Immediately call for medical assistance.
- Move person to shade; a cool area as possible
- If conscious, give employee plenty of cool water
- Loosen excess clothing and boots
- Apply cool water to employee’s body and fan employee ~ Stop cooling if the person to shiver!
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health